Osteoporosis | Treatments, Causes, Signs and Risk Factors

What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which over time the bone loses its density and thereby causing fracture. A weakened bone will not be able to support the body weight, so a simple bend over, little exercise, little weight lift can cause easy fracture..
The bone can be defined as the framework, which supports the body. When the bone is absent, the body will become shapeless. In other words, it is any of the pieces of hard, whitish tissue making up the skeletons in human and other vertebrates (dictionary.com)
Common areas which osteoporosis is more frequent include: hips, ribs, wrists and the spine area. As one progress in age, bone density will decrease, but mostly, vitamin d, protein and calcium supplement are good in other to prevent this bone disease.
Statistics show that, 1 in 3 women and 1 in 5 men will suffer from osteoporosis fracture in a point in their life time and in which, over 70 per cent of fracture happens in people who are aged 60 years and above.

Signs and symptoms of osteoporosis:
Unfortunately, there are no symptoms before the onset of fracture which will occur. The disease may be on in the patient for a number of years, and it is only noticeable after bone fracture. Even though, some fractures may occur (which may be little), it may cause just a little pain and such person may just think it is just a normal thing. However, this pain will increase over time, until a major fracture occurs and severe pains follow. As soon as you notice a simple fracture, best is to see your doctor.
If the disease affects the spinal, it could cause a very painful lover back pain. Here, people who experience this may have a reduced height and could also become hunched back which is most common with elderly women and men. This could also be associated with stress also, especially men and women who are involved in subsistence farming in which they would have to stress their backs. 

Risk factors of osteoporosis include:
Risk factors are what increase your chances of having a particular disease. If you do not have any of the risk factors, you may still have the disease but chances are slimmer.
i.                     Little or lack of exercise
ii.                   Family history: there is a much higher risk if you have had family members who had the disease one time or the other.
iii.                  Personal health history: if you have had fractures at one point, you may be at risk of having the disease
iv.                 Lack of vitamin d and calcium. Vitamin d and calcium are very important for the bones, because they make it stronger and healthier.
v.                   Smoking cigarettes
vi.                 Regular over consumption of alcohol
vii.                Those who are arthritis
viii.              Over weight and underweight can increase the risk.
ix.                 Gender: female genders are more likely to have the disease than the male genders.
x.                   Race: Caucasian and Asians are more likely to have the disease than their other race counterparts
xi.                 If such person has liver disease
xii.                Some STDs infection

Causes of osteoporosis:
i.                     Lack of eating balanced diet and food low in nutrition.
ii.                   Lack of vitamin d and calcium
iii.                  Some diseases such as Hyperparathyroidism, Stroke
iv.                 Some drugs such as over use of blood thinner drugs and use of anti-seizure drugs.
v.                   Some treatments used in treating cancer patients such as chemotherapy
vi.                 Low testosterone level in men and low estrogen level in women

How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
Early detection is very important to prevent this bone disease. However, the doctor will use X-ray to see the internal bone structure and how dense it is. If on the x-ray photos, it shows that inside the bone, it looks spongy, then such person is said to have the disease. But it can be reversed if the use of vitamin D and calcium is given to the patient and some other medications are used. Medications prescribed by your doctor, not over the counter.
Other test includes testing for bone density. This will help to know how dense the bone is. It is very good for early detection of the bone disease.

Treatments for osteoporosis includes the use of the following drugs, approved by FDA:
Treating a medication for osteoporosis, a doctor must know all your medical history and also know how the disease has gone deep.
i.                     Bisphosphates
ii.                   Ibandronate
iii.                  Zoledronate
iv.                 Risedronate
v.                   Alendronate
vi.                 Raloxifene
vii.                Calcitonin
viii.              Teriparatide
ix.                 Denosumab
The following are medicines used and you must not use self-medications, but only as approved by your health care provider or doctor.

Calcium and Vitamin D Good for osteoporosis
However, the use of calcium and vitamin D to build bone density should not be ignored.
When they are both taken adequately, from a certain age, it is very good for building strong bones. Since bone density will start to depreciate from the age of 35 years and above, it is quite important not to ignore the constant use of calcium and vitamin D supplement. Vitamin D aids the absorption of calcium in the body, that is why vitamin d Is very important.

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Eating complete fruits and vegetables is highly recommended for those who have the disease. meat is not advisable. In fact, a complete fruit and vegetable filled diet is good for osteoporosis patients Get all your fruits and vegetable supplements in one pack. Learn more Here

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