Type 1 and type 2 Diabetes in the rise in America -Study

Diabetes is a serious disease, in
fact, one of the leading causes of death and morbidy among the youth and the adult alike. Diabetes has been known to increase the chances of other terrible diseases. Such as cadiovascular diseases, liver diseases, eye blindness or eye loss, stroke and other health challenges.
Iin fact, diabetes is a state of a total body failure is it is not properly controlled.

Studies have found that, in USA alone, their has been an increasing rate of people with type one and type two diabetes. This is eveident from the research posted on the website Medicalnewstoday: Read Below

"A large study, collating data from more than three million children and adolescents in the US, shows that there was a significant increase in type 1 and type 2 diabetes between 2001 and 2009. The results are published in JAMA as part of a themed issue on child health.

Worldwide, research looking at the period 1990 to 2008 suggested that the incidence of type 1 diabetes is increasing by 2.8% to 4.0% per year. Similar trends have been observed in the US for white and Hispanic youth, although data has been limited.

Another previous study reported that, by the year 2050, the number of youth living with type 1 and type 2 diabetes would primarily be among children and adolescents in minority ethnic groups.

Identifying a lack of data on recent trends in the prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among American youth, the researchers behind the new study analyzed cases of doctor-diagnosed diabetes from centers located in California, Colorado, Ohio, South Carolina and Washington state. Data was also supplied from selected American Indian reservations in Arizona and New Mexico.

At the start of the study period, in 2001, 1.48 in 1,000 children within the study group had type 1 diabetes. By 2009, this had increased to 1.93 children in 1,000. After adjustments, this rise was calculated to be a 21% increase over the 8-year study period. 

Increase in type 1 diabetes not confined to traditional at-risk group of white youth 

The greatest increase, the study reports, was in teenagers between 15 and 19 years of age. Although diabetes tends to affect different ethnic groups in different ways, the researchers noted an increase across both sexes and in white, black, Hispanic and Asian Pacific Islander youth.

"Historically," the authors write, "type 1 diabetes has been considered a disease that affects primarily white youth; however, our findings highlight the increasing burden of type 1 diabetes experienced by youth of minority racial/ethnic groups as well."

For type 2 diabetes, the study reports a 30.5% rise between 2001 and 2009 in youth aged 10-19. However, despite increases in white, Hispanic and black youth, the researchers found no rise in Asian Pacific Islander and Native American youth.

Large-scale study, but what were its limitations?

This study had a very large sample size and it was able to include a racial/ethnic composition that accurately reflects the distribution of races in the US.

But because the study only took into account youth who had been diagnosed with diabetes by a physician, they may have missed undiagnosed children and adolescents who may meet the criteria for type 2 diabetes if they had been screened.

Also, the study period ended in 2009, so the study cannot provide any information about how diabetes trends have changed in the past 5 years"

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